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Sonata, musical composition for one or several instruments. In the classical sense, the term refers to a piece for piano solo or for a stringed or spiritual instrument with piano, consisting of several independent parts. The plan of the composite multi-part sonata and the restriction in the use of the term only by solo works were formed in the second half of the 18th century.
The word “sonata” is also often used in the term “sonata form”: in this case it does not refer to a multi-part work, but to the formal structure of one part of the sonata. Sonata form is also found in symphonies, concerts, trios, quartets, quintets, even in overture, etc. Continue reading
What is overture
Overture prepares the listener for the upcoming action.The tradition to announce the beginning of a performance with a brief musical signal existed long before the term “overture” entrenched itself in the work of French and then other 17th century European composers. Until the middle of the XVIII century. the overtures were composed according to strictly defined rules: their sublime, generalized nature of the music usually had no connection with the subsequent action. Gradually, however, the requirements for the overture changed: she was more and more subordinated to the general artistic plan of the work. Continue reading
A symphony is usually a composition for an orchestra, usually consisting of several parts. This is one of the main genres of European music. In the modern sense, the word “symphony” came into use relatively recently, in the 70s. XVIII century., It is the very same very ancient origin.
“Symphony” in Greek means “consonance”. In ancient times, the so-called singing of the choir or ensemble in unison, as well as any harmonious, harmonious combination of tones. In the Middle Ages, the word disappeared from use, and its new life began in the Renaissance. But now a different meaning was put into the word “symphony”. Continue reading