Styles and genres in music
Historical song, aria, romance, cantata, opera, march, waltz, prelude, sonata – all these are examples of various musical genres. Each of them combines many works. Waltzes, for example, were written by almost all composers of the 19th — 20th centuries. Thus, a genre is a certain type of musical work within which an unlimited number of compositions can be written. Genres differ from each other by the characteristics of their content and form, and these differences are caused by their vital and cultural goals, peculiar to each of them. Continue reading
Sonata, musical composition for one or several instruments. In the classical sense, the term refers to a piece for piano solo or for a stringed or spiritual instrument with piano, consisting of several independent parts. The plan of the composite multi-part sonata and the restriction in the use of the term only by solo works were formed in the second half of the 18th century.
The word “sonata” is also often used in the term “sonata form”: in this case it does not refer to a multi-part work, but to the formal structure of one part of the sonata. Sonata form is also found in symphonies, concerts, trios, quartets, quintets, even in overture, etc. Continue reading