Scherzo (Italian. Scherzo – literally “joke”) is a joke piece, it can be part of a symphony, a sonata, a quartet or an independent piece of music in a lively, rapid tempo, with sharply characteristic rhythmic and harmonic turns, in a three-part size.
In the music of the XVI — XVII centuries – a small instrumental. So called canzonetta (songs) for one or more singers with humorous poems.
Such scherzo were written by C. Monteverdi, A. Brunelli, B. Ma Rini. Since the beginning of the XVII century. the word “scherzo” also meant plays for various instruments, close to capriccio (a free-form instrumental piece, in a brilliant virtuoso style) with their bizarre change of episodes, moods. Continue reading